Continuing some of the ideas I expressed last time about grit, I have been thinking a lot about hope.
Roth and Hemmelstein defined hope as “expectancy that a positively related event is likely to incur in the future.” It follows, logically, that prior experience with positive events would increase one’s belief that subsequent positive events will occur.
Cognitive research sheds light on this important fact: hope is not an emotion. It is a learned process acquired through socialization. According to C. R. Snyder, hope has three different components: 1) ability to set realistic goals; 2) ability to tolerate failure; and 3) belief in yourself and your abilities.